Testing at Google Scale Product Description 2012 Jolt Award finalist! Pioneering the Future of Software Test Do you need to get it right, too? Then, learn from Google. Legendary testing expert James Whittaker, until recently a Google testing leader, and two top Google experts reveal exactly how Google tests software, offering brand-new best practices you can use even if you’re not quite Google’s size…yet! Breakthrough Techniques You Can Actually Use Discover 100% practical, amazingly scalable techniques for analyzing risk and planning tests…thinking like real users…implementing exploratory, black box, white box, and acceptance testing…getting usable feedback…tracking issues…choosing and creating tools…testing “Docs & Mocks,” interfaces, classes, modules, libraries, binaries, services, and infrastructure…reviewing code and refactoring…using test hooks, presubmit scripts, queues, continuous builds, and more. With these techniques, you can transform testing from a bottleneck into an accelerator–and make your whole organization more productive! Features + Benefits Presents pioneering testing techniques that can help any company moving to the cloud Shows how to achieve web-level scale for integration and system testing Offers expert guidance on managing end-to-end testing, including superior automation strategies Foreword by Alberto Savoia xiii Foreword by Patrick Copeland xvii Preface xxiii Chapter 1: Introduction to Google Software Testing 1 Quality?Test 5 Roles 6 Organizational Structure 8 Crawl, Walk, Run 10 Types of Tests 12 Chapter 2: The Software Engineer in Test 15 The Life of an SET 17 Development and Test Workflow 17 Who Are These SETs Anyway? 22 The Early Phase of a Project 22 Team Structure 24 Design Docs 25 Interfaces and Protocols 27 Automation Planning 28 Testability 29 SET Workflow: An Example 32 Test Execution 40 Test Size Definitions 41 Use of Test Sizes in Shared Infrastructure 44 Benefits of Test Sizes 46 Test Runtime Requirements 48 Case 1: Change in Common Library 52 Test Certified 54 An Interview with the Founders of the Test Certified Program 57 Interviewing SETs 62 An Interview with Tool Developer Ted Mao 68 An Interview with Web Driver Creator Simon Stewart 70 Chapter 3: The Test Engineer 75 A User-Facing Test Role 75 The Life of a TE 76 Test Planning 79 Risk 97 Life of a Test Case 108 Life of a Bug 113 Recruiting TEs 127 Test Leadership at Google 134 Maintenance Mode Testing 137 Quality Bots Experiment 141 BITE Experiment 153 Google Test Analytics 163 Free Testing Workflow 169 External Vendors 173 An Interview with Google Docs TE Lindsay Webster 175 An Interview with YouTube TE Apple Chow 181 Chapter 4: The Test Engineering Manager 187 The Life of a TEM 187 Getting Projects and People 189 Impact 191 An Interview with Gmail TEM Ankit Mehta 193 An Interview with Android TEM Hung Dang 198 An Interview with Chrome TEM Joel Hynoski 202 The Test Engineering Director 206 An Interview with Search and Geo Test Director Shelton Mar 207 An Interview with Engineering Tools Director Ashish Kumar 211 An Interview with Google India Test Director Sujay Sahni 214 An Interview with Engineering Manager Brad Green 219 An Interview with James Whittaker 222 Chapter 5: Improving How Google Tests Software 229 Fatal Flaws in Google's Process 229 The Future of the SET 231 The Future of the TE 233 The Future of the Test Director and Manager 234 The Future of Test Infrastructure 234 In Conclusion 235 Appendix A: Chrome OS Test Plan 237 Overview of Themes 237 Risk Analysis 238 Per-Build Baseline Testing 239 Per-LKG Day Testing 239 Per-Release Testing 239 Manual Versus Automation 240 Dev Versus Test Quality Focus 240 Release Channels 240 User Input 241 Test Case Repositories 241 Test Dashboarding 241 Virtualization 241 Performance 242 Stress, Long-Running, and Stability 242 Test Execution Framework (Autotest) 242 OEMs 242 Hardware Lab 242 E2E Farm Automation 243 Testing the Browser AppManager 243 Browser Testability 243 Hardware 244 Timeline 244 Primary Test Drivers 246 Relevant Documents 246 Appendix B: Test Tours for Chrome 247 The Shopping Tour 247 The Student Tour 248 Suggested Areas to Test 248 The International Calling Tour 249 Suggested Areas to Test 249 The Landmark Tour 249 Suggested Landmarks in Chrome 249 The All Nighter Tour 250 Suggested Areas to Test 250 The Artisan's Tour 251 Tools in Chrome 251 The Bad Neighborhood Tour 251 Bad Neighborhoods in Chrome OS 251 The Personalization Tour 252 Ways to Customize Chrome 252 Appendix C: Blog Posts on Tools and Code 253 Take a BITE out of Bugs and Redundant Labor 253 Unleash the QualityBots 255 RPF: Google's Record Playback Framework 257 Google Test Analytics-Now in Open Source 260 Comprehensive 260 Quick 260 Actionable 260 Sustained Value 260 Index 265Discover 100% practical, amazingly scalable techniques for analyzing risk and planning tests
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,0, Duke University, language: English, abstract: Just a little over ten years ago, the first website became accessible to the public and even though the World Wide Web of today is still in its teens, it has become a phenomenon of virtually global impact. By the mid 1990s, people started to discover the joys of online communication via socalled weblogs or blogs, but blogs really evolved at the turn of the millennium, when the international blogosphere virtually exploded. Anyone could create one, anyone could participate in one, and everyone had at least heard of one. Blogs revolutionized online communication by creating worldwide communities of technology nerds, ambitious writers, and simply those who found an outlet for their exhibitionist tendencies. Decades earlier, in 1981, renowned German philosopher and sociological theorist Jürgen Habermas published his seminal work Theory of Communicative Action, in which he formulates a theoretical framework for societal progress achieved through communication. In the United States of today, progress and the means of communication are inherently White, in fact knowledge and societal power are White. This research is designed to look at the question of democratic empowerment among the Latino minority, this is, whether weblogs provide the Latino immigrant community with means to connect, exchange information, and thus gain social and political influence by the power of knowledge. Is it possible for Latinos in the U.S. to use the medium of weblogs according to Habermas' theory and change the distribution of knowledge and power in American society? Habermas' approach will be described as the theoretical framework for this research paper. It will then be determined how the Latino community in the U.S. could or could not use the weblog as a tool of empowerment.
The definitive, holistic guide to transforming space with light There are no shortcuts to designing beautiful and effective architectural lighting. Lighting is both an art and a science that impacts occupants' health and well-being, the Earth's resources, a project's cost, and user satisfaction in the built environment. If you are serious about lighting, Architectural Lighting Design, Third Edition is the one source for all the technical skills, aesthetic fundamentals, and practical knowledge you need to design efficient, sustainable interior and exterior lighting for every type of building. Expanding on the depth and breadth of previous editions, this Third Edition boasts more than one-quarter new material, including new discussions about sustainability, lighting details, and the assessment of manufacturers' product data. This richly visual, easy-reference learning tool ramps up the wattage of its coverage with: * More than 220 black-and-white photographs, which expand and improve the visual repertoire * New, in-depth coverage of daylighting, controls, and lamping strategies for more sustainable lighting solutions * An attractive revamped design and content structure for easier access * Guidance on criteria, design concepts, and details * An accompanying Web site with additional information and color application photos
Covers the most powerful features of Photoshop in an easy-to-understand fashion. Chapter topics include: 1. An Overview of Bridge & Photoshop. Introduces the Adobe workspace, its tools and panels. 2. Resizing, Cropping and Transforming. Addresses the differences between image size and canvas size and explains the importance of resolution to image quality. 3. Creating Selections. Provides a comprehensive look at the various methods of selecting part of an image for further editing. 4. Levels, Curves, Shadows/Highlights. Explains the mechanics of histograms, how the various luminosity commands work and why they improve detail in an image. 5. Color Balancing Act. Explains what to look for when color correcting images and what methods to use to improve color. 6. Retouching. Covers gradient backgrounds, specialized brush tips, cloning, healing, removing red eye and brightening teeth. 7. Layers and Layer Effects. Covers layer blending modes, opacity, fill, layer effects, layer masks, clipping masks, and alignment and distribution. 8. Smart Objects, Filters and Vanishing Point. Covers the advantages of using Smart Objects and explores the unlimited possibilities of using Photoshop filters, including Vanishing Point. 9. Distort, Warp and Content Aware. Explains how to distort images using Liquify and Puppet Warp. Also covers Content Aware Fill, Content Aware Scale and Content Aware Move. 10. Camera Raw, Photomerge and HDR. Explains the powerful features of Camera Raw for adjusting white balance, correcting exposure and more. Also demonstrates how to merge multiple photos into a seamless panorama with Photomerge and how to create a high dynamic range photo using Merge to HDR Pro. 11. Extracting Images: A Hairy Proposition. Covers manual masking techniques and Refine Mask to extract images that contain hair. Includes compositing tips on placing an image into a background with a different white balance or exposure. 12. Photoshop's Vector Capabilities. Covers vector paths, shapes, strokes and type. Includes tips on how to create paths and edit on-the-fly using the Pen tool. 13. Output for Print & Web. Includes tips on printing to desktop printers, preparing images for four-color or spot-color offset printing, and saving optimized images for the Web.
Research on Web-Based Learning: A Half-Full Glass. Richard Clark. Nine Ways to Reduce Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning. Richard Mayer and Roxana Moreno. Technology: The Great Equalizer? Eric Jolly and Christy Horn. InfoGather: A Web-Based Tool for Gathering and Organizing Web-Based Information. Brent Igo, Roger Bruning, Matt McCrudden and Doug Kauffman. ThinkAboutIt! A Web-Based Tool for Promoting Critical Thinking. Steve Lehman and Roger Bruning. Teachers, Technology, and Students At Risk. Lisa PytlikZillig, Christy Horn and Mary Jane White. At Risk in Cyberspace: At-Risk Students¿ Experiences in Web-Based Courses. Christy Horn, Lisa PytlikZillig, Roger Bruning and Douglas Kauffman. Engineering perspectives: The Technical Development of the CLASS Project Online Courses, Art Zygielbaum. The Pedagogical Impact of Course Management Systems on Faculty, Students, and Institution, Charles Ansorge and Oksana Bendus. Technological Indicators of Impact of Course Management Systems....
When you enter the world of syndicated content, you're often faced with the question of what is the &quote;proper&quote; way to do syndication. While syndication feeds have become a standard tool on the Web--you've seen their signposts: a little orange button labeled XML in white letters, or maybe buttons that say Atom, RSS 2.0, RSS 1.0, or even Feed--it is important that your syndication feed be an extension of your site. It should reflect your interests, your concerns, and your choices. This edoc will help you learn about these pervasive little blobs of XML markup: their purpose, the elements that make up a feed, the different formats, and the tools for generating and consuming feeds.The tutorial starts with a succinct description of what a feed really is, then it covers: What Makes Up a Feed: A look at the common container and entry elements for a feed, and what they do.Industry Support: An overview of the major players and tools for syndication feeds.Discovering Feeds: How to make your site easy to subscribe to.Subscribing To and Reading Feeds: A look at various aggregators and how to use them.Which Feeds Work Best for You: Should you use RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0, or Atom? Or all of them? Here's how to decide.This tutorial will help you get your syndication feed up and running, so you can then forget about it and focus instead on what's really important at your site: the content you are providing to the world.
This is the eBook version of the printed book. If the print book includes a CD-ROM, this content is not included within the eBook version. Adobe Photoshop CS4 on Demand What you need, when you need it! Need answers quickly? Adobe Photoshop CS4 on Demand provides those answers in a visual step-by-step format. We will show you exactly what to do through lots of full color illustrations and easy-to-follow instructions. Inside the Book &#8226; Improve productivity with the CS4 interface and templates &#8226; Use automatic layer alignment and blending to work with objects &#8226; Use live filters to vie w and modify the results of opening files &#8226; Use more precise color correction to enhance a photo &#8226; Easily convert images to black and white &#8226; Use image trickery to change or enhance an image &#8226; Create eye-catching bevels and special effects &#8226; Transform plain text into a show-stopping image &#8226; Create web animation sequences the easy way &#8226; Use tool presets to construct the right tool for the right job &#8226; Test content on different target devices Bonus Online Content Register your book at queondemand.com to gain access to: &#8226; Workshops and related files &#8226; Keyboard shortcuts Visit the author site: perspection.com
Image editing is a crucial element in the photographic workflow. Image editing tools, most notably Photoshop, are usually sophisticated and deep applications, and are fairly expensive. The only open source tool in this market is the GIMP, which has developed into a powerful, multiplatform system running on Linux, Mac OS X, and Microsoft Windows. GIMP 2.8 for Photographers is a beginner's guide to the only open source image editing tool that provides a no-cost alternative to expensive programs such as Photoshop. Topics include the new user interface and tools, the basics of image editing and simple adjustments, advanced techniques using layers and masks, developing RAW images, working with the improved text tool, and preparing high-quality black-and-white images. The most important editing functions are presented in individual, easy-to-follow workshops. A bonus section on the included DVD describes special techniques for web graphics. GIMP 2.8 for Photographers has evolved from classroom materials that the author developed and taught in courses and workshops on image editing with the GIMP.
The complete guide to portfolio development for interior designers It's a widely known fact that interior designers need a strong visual presence in the form of a well-crafted, professional-looking portfolio. Surprisingly, however, many interior designers aren't equipped with the expertise required to organize and unify their work in a fashion that optimally conveys their talents and skills. Portfolios for Interior Designers helps demystify the process by guiding the reader toward mastery in assembling a winning portfolio. It delivers essential step-by-step instruction presented in a manner that shows interior designers how to properly and effectively display their designs. This book also includes: Color and black-and-white illustrations showing portfolio elements and options Graphic design concepts necessary for portfolio development Specific information for the design of digital portfolios Supplemental teaching resources that direct readers to a companion Web site Useful tips on the ways that popular graphics software applications can be best implemented for certain portfolio elements Samples of cover letters and resumes, along with discussion of job search procedures With the aid of real-world examples, Portfolios for Interior Designers examines how a portfolio can be used as an effective tool for communicating with clients and other professionals. A much-needed guide, this book eliminates the uncertainty surrounding portfolio development so that interior designers can showcase their abilities success-fully and land the next job.